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Author: Tang Syau

VitalSource 租电子书

今天注册了 VitalSource,这里书好像还挺多的,但没有试读,也不知道效果是怎样的。尝试花了十来刀租了 90 天 Harry Gensler 去年底出的第三版 Ethics: A Contemporary Introduction,显示效果只能说中规中矩吧,支持高分屏,但是也不能改字体、改页边距什么的。

国内的 VISA 卡可以支付,但是要填一个美国地址,这时候就要用到神奇的假地址生成器 US Address Generator 了哈哈哈。











War is illegal.

Yet the biggest single change in the international order is an idea we seldom appreciate today: war is illegal. For most of history, that was not the case. Might made right, war was the continuation of policy by other means, and to the victor went the spoils. If one country felt it had been wronged by another, it could declare war, conquer some territory as compensation, and expect the annexation to be recognized by the rest of the world. The reason that Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah are American states is that in 1846 the United States conquered them from Mexico in a war over unpaid debts. That cannot happen today: the world’s nations have committed themselves to not waging war except in self-defense or with the approval of the United Nations Security Council. States are immortal, borders are grandfathered in, and any country that indulges in a war of conquest can expect opprobrium, not acquiescence, from the rest.

The legal scholars Oona Hathaway and Scott Shapiro argue that it’s the outlawry of war that deserves much of the credit for the Long Peace. The idea that nations should agree to make war illegal was proposed by Kant in 1795. It was first agreed upon in the much-ridiculed 1928 Pact of Paris, also known as the Kellogg-Briand pact, but really became effective only with the founding of the United Nations in 1945. Since then, the conquest taboo has occasionally been enforced with a military response, such as when an international coalition reversed Iraq’s conquest of Kuwait in 1990–91. More often the prohibition has functioned as a norm—“War is something that civilized nations just don’t do”—backed by economic sanctions and symbolic punishments. Those penalties are effective to the extent that nations value their standing in the international community—a reminder of why we should cherish and strengthen that community in the face of threats from populist nationalism today.

Steven Pinker. 2018. Enlightenment Now

natural food?

“Natural food.” Whenever I hear those words crooned, my inner crank cranks up. “Natural!” I would rail if I gave it voice. “No product of agriculture is the slightest bit natural to an ecologist! You take a nice complex ecosystem, chop it into rectangles, clear it to the ground, and hammer it into perpetual early succession! You bust its sod, flatten it flat, and drench it with vast quantities of constant water! Then you populate it with uniform monocrops of profoundly damaged plants incapable of living on their own! Every food plant is a pathetic narrow specialist in one skill, inbred for thousands of years to a state of genetic idiocy! Those plants are so fragile, they had to domesticate humans just to take endless care of them!”

Stewart Brand. 2009. Whole Earth Discipline



前提是 Realtek 的板载声卡(集成声卡)。

我的台式机前置耳机插孔很松,接触不好,麦克风插孔就明显好很多(我也不知道为什么)。以前 Realtek 的控制面板是可以直接修改插孔用途的,但总之最近的情况是不可以了(最开始连 Realtek 的控制面板都打不开,后来发现 YouTube 上介绍的方法是要找主板厂商提供的驱动而不是直接在 Realtek 官网下载,试过之后确实可以打开 Realtek 控制面板,但找了半天还是没有发现原来用过的那个功能)。Google 到了一篇改注册表来实现这件事的介绍文章,试过之后确实没有问题。


  1. 注册表目录:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Class\{4D36E96C-E325-11CE-BFC1-08002BE10318}\00XX\Settings\DrvYYYY_DevType_YYYY_SSYYYYYYYY
    (ooXX 要自己找一下,作者的情况是 0000,我是 0007;YYYY 也是每个人未必相同的数字)
  2. 在这个目录下新建一个 Binary Value,如果想把前置麦克风用作耳机插孔就是 Pin19 为 02 00 00 00(如果已经有 Pin19 了就直接修改,如下图)
  3. 重新启动操作系统,成功。


“Pin10” = Line-in (rear blue)
“Pin11” = Mic-in (rear pink)
“Pin14” = Front speakers (rear green)
“Pin15” = Rear speakers (rear black)
“Pin16” = Center / Sub-woofer (rear orange)
“Pin17” = Side speakers (rear gray)
“Pin19” = Front Mic-In (front pink)
“Pin1b” = Front Headphone (front green)

“00 00 00 00” = Line-in
“01 00 00 00” = Mic-in
“02 00 00 00” = Headphones
“03 00 00 00” = Front speakers 2nd Output
“04 00 00 00” = Front speakers
“05 00 00 00” = Rear speakers
“06 00 00 00” = Center / sub-woofer
“07 00 00 00” = Side speakers


“Pin00” = Front speakers (rear green)
“Pin01” = Rear speakers (rear black)
“Pin02” = Center / Sub-woofer (rear orange)
“Pin03” = Side speakers (rear gray)
“Pin04” = Mic-in (rear pink)
“Pin05” = Front Mic-In (front pink)
“Pin06” = Line-in (rear blue)
“Pin07” = Front Headphone (front green)